An understanding of where risk lies is fundamental to targeting detection activities.
The figure below illustrates the use of ACLEI’s five approaches to risk assessment. These five approaches—each focussing on a different aspect of corruption risk—are overlayed to identify areas within an agency where one or more risk factors aggregate. This information then may direct detection and deterrence efforts to their best effect.
The diagram below provides another way that ACLEI views the aggregation of risk – the confluence of external and internal risk from sources ranging from global to local.
ACLEI has developed the following framework to supplement corruption-risk mapping processes and to inform intervention strategies.
|Approach||Key questions (examples)|
|Commodity approach||What asset(s) are you protecting from corrupt use? What in your control is of value to a corruptor?
|Location approach||Where are the geographical areas or activities of highest corruption risk?
What other environments might be less protected from corrupt activity,
|Corruptor approach||Who may want to corrupt your staff, and why?
|Susceptibility approach||Who of your staff may be vulnerable to corruption, if the circumstances allowed?
Who, beyond known individuals, may be involved or recruited?
|Vulnerability approach||What are the strengths of your systems (that a corrupt officer may need to circumvent)?
What are the weaknesses in your systems (that a corrupt officer could exploit)?