Corruption is most likely to occur when a motivated (or susceptible) individual has access (or exposure) to corrupt opportunities. ACLEI uses the formula Corruption = Exposure x Susceptibility to communicate this idea.
The implication of the formula is that corruption prevention initiatives need to focus on measures to strengthen systems and to support vulnerable individuals. The model presented below was developed by ACLEI to assist managers to consider the role of people (and their propensity to be corrupt) and the environment in which they work (including opportunities, incentives and disincentives to be corrupt) in determining the risk of corruption occurring.
One solution is to move vulnerable people out of harm’s way. Another solution is to introduce measures to reduce key risks (e.g. drug testing to reduce the chance that staff will use illicit drugs).
The model is not intended to explain everything about corruption—it is simply intended to help managers think beyond problem people (the ‘bad apples’), to also consider broader risks relating to your workplace and operating environment.
The model is represented in the following statement:
p(C) = E x S
where (p) is the probability than any individual would act corruptly (C), depending on his or her susceptibility (S) to corruption at a particular time, and any positive or negative exposure (E) factors that may be encountered in the work environment. Examples of what is meant by each of these terms are included in the figure below.
|Key insight: You can control the environment to reduce corruption risk|