Corruption control refers to the integrated set of activities that prevent, detect, investigate and respond to fraud and corruption—such as awareness-raising and training, reporting, prosecution and penalty.
Anti-corruption measures are most effective when they are oriented strategically to address specific threats, noting that these issues may change in scope and scale over time. For instance, a law enforcement integrity threat (such as criminal infiltration) might demand a different treatment to those risks facing a policy delivery agency (such as procurement fraud).
In general, an agency’s control measures should be oriented towards controlling potential high harms, which requires consideration of what you are protecting, and from whom.
Resource allocation decisions flow from this assessment. High-risk agencies should expect to see repeated instances of corruption and be concerned if there were none visible.
|Key insight: Target your measures to where they are most effective|